Right To Freedom Of Opinion And Expression
In any country, there are different people of different religious and culture. All have their various opinions according to their education, society, and the environment. No strange! Furthermore, on a single, there may be thousands of views, and you will be surprised how people can think so differently on a single aspect or factor. However, the right to freedom of opinion is an individual’s right to present them freely without any restriction or exceptions. Individuals can give their views in two ways, oral or written. However, Media, public places, public protest, artistic works, commercial advertisement, stories, drama, or any literature, are the areas where people give their opinions.
Freedom of Opinion: Not Absolute
However, opinions have some specific restrictions to guide society truly. When you advise the public, you are entirely responsible for your words, and no violence should be there in any opinion. Moreover, Violence, criticism of any religion, abuse words for artists, and many negative thoughts are strictly restricted.
Consideration: Right To Freedom Of Opinion
However, there are some specific conditions where you should have the right to freedom of expression or opinion. Moreover, it may include legislation, policy, or any public programs. However, some categories of applications that regulate the followings need to have this right:
Broadcast, speech, publication, display or promotion
Format and manner of public protest
Sensitive media reports, political matters
Classified entertainment content
Rights Related To Freedom
Right to freedom on thoughts (Article 18 of ICCPR)
Right to peaceful assembly (Article 21 of ICCPR)
Right to freedom of association (Article 22 of ICCPR)
Accessible technology and formats for disable people (Article 21 of ICCPR)
Limitations: Freedom Of Opinion
However, countries can measure derogation under the rule of the right to freedom of opinion. In public emergencies, people have no right to spread the news or content regarding violence. Moreover, in such cases country can publish notices and block some sights over the internet to maintain peace in critical conditions. People should not spread opinions over language, sex, color, social region, or any religion.
There are limitations provided on the right of opinion by some laws. You should not go against the rules. Furthermore, Judgments must be shared with respect to legislative practices that achieve a definite purpose and help our society.
Respect Reputation Of Others
The United Nations Human Rights Committee said that if expressions violate the respect of the region or others, people can complain about that.
However, confidential information of the country, or any property and social issues of other communities are prohibited. Opinions that directly affect the security of the nation, prohibition is compulsory. SO, it is plain simple that the nation’s safety is the most among all rights to freedom.
However, for the peace and security of society, the country has defined some rules. These rules are defined as public orders. According to Article 19(3), prohibition is justified on speech regarding violence, crime, social dispute, and mass panic.
However, an opinion should follow public morals. Some contents, like pornography or pornographic materials, are subject to prohibited. Moreover, Australia has formed the National Classification Scheme as guidelines for publication, films, drama, and computer games.